Cadmium And Cadmium Compounds In Plastics

CADMIUM AND CADMIUM COMPOUNDS IN PLASTICS

According to this information, the cadmium compounds used as pigments in these applications are: cadmium zinc sulphide yellow (EC 232-466-8, CAS 8048-07-5), cadmium sulphoselenide red (EC 261-218-1, CAS 58339-34-7) and cadmium sulphoselenide orange (EC 235-758-3, CAS 12656-57-4)

CADMIUM AND CADMIUM COMPOUNDS - NCBI Bookshelf

Based on occupational exposure to known and suspected carcinogens collected during 1990–93, the CAREX (CARcinogen EXposure) database estimates that 207350 workers were exposed to cadmium and cadmium compounds in the European Union, with over 50% of workers employed in the construction (n = 32113), manufacture of fabricated metal products (n = 23541), non-ferrous base metal industries …

CADMIUM AND CADMIUM COMPOUNDS - monographsiarcfr

Cadmium and cadmium compounds sulfide or sulfur dioxide, light, high tempera- ture and pressure) (Herron, 2001; ATSDR, 2008; International Cadmium Association, 2011) Cadmium and cadmium alloys are used as engineered or electroplated coatings on iron, steel, aluminium, and other non-ferrous metals

Cadmium Compounds (A) - US EPA

Cadmium is used to manufacture pigments and batteries and in the metal-plating and plastics industries (1) Sources and Potential Exposure The largest sources of airborne cadmium in the environment are the burning of fossil fuels such as coal or oil, and incineration of municipal waste materials Cadmium may also be emitted into the air from zinc,

All the information on Cadmium - Pigments

Cadmium Pigments Cadmium pigmented engineering polymers such as ABS are widely used in products which include telephones, gas pipes and fittings, electricity cables, beverage crates and motor vehicle radiator fans Pigments are usually incorporated in plastics …

The Facts on Cadmium - Roadmap on Carcinogens

In the EU 10000 workers are estimated to be potentially exposed to cadmium and its compounds Workers may be exposed to cadmium from the smelting and refining of metals or from air in industrial plants that manufacture batteries, coatings, or plastics Exposure to cadmium that may be dangerous may occur in jobs in which workers […]

Alternatives / Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds Facts

Cadmium is used to create a range of yellow colors in plastics formulations Cadmium sulfides and sulfo-selenides are used in pigments to create a family of yellow/orange/red pigments Cadmium yellow is created using cadmium sulfide (CdS), cadmium red is cadmium selenide (CdSe) and cadmium orange is an intermediate cadmium sulfoselenide

Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds MT CAS No 7440-43-9 …

Cadmium sulfide is used primarily in pigments for paints, glass, ceramics, plastics, textiles, paper, and fireworks It is also used in solar cells, fluorescent screens, radiation detectors, smoke detectors, electron-beam-pumped lasers, thin-film transistors and diodes, phos- phors, and photomultipliers

Cadmium - Cancer-Causing Substances - National Cancer

Cadmium is a natural element found in tiny amounts in air, water, soil, and food All soils and rocks, including coal and mineral fertilizers, contain some cadmium Most cadmium used in the United States is extracted during the production of other metals such as zinc, lead, and copper

Safety and Health Topics | Cadmium | Occupational Safety

Cadmium became an important metal in the production of nickel-cadmium (Ni-Cd) rechargeable batteries and as a sacrificial corrosion-protection coating for iron and steel Common industrial uses for cadmium today are in batteries, alloys, coatings (electroplating), solar cells, plastic stabilizers, and …

Cadmium-induced Cancers in Animals and in Humans

Primarily, however, exposures to cadmium and cadmium compounds occur in workplaces—mining, smelting, processing, product formulations, and battery manufacturing, whereas non-occupational exposures come from various foods and tobacco smoke 3–5 Occupational exposures to cadmium and cadmium compounds are mainly exposures to airborne dusts and fumes The highest potential …

Alternatives / Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds Facts

Cadmium is used to create a range of yellow colors in plastics formulations Cadmium sulfides and sulfo-selenides are used in pigments to create a family of yellow/orange/red pigments Cadmium yellow is created using cadmium sulfide (CdS), cadmium red is cadmium selenide (CdSe) and cadmium orange is an intermediate cadmium sulfoselenide

Europe considers total ban on cadmium in plastics

Some cadmium compounds are still used as pigments in plastics, and industry associations say that suitable alternatives may not be available for certain applications, such as colouring engineering plastics They include cadmium zinc sulphide yellow, cadmium sulphoselenide red and cadmium …

Cadmium Compounds - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Cadmium is emitted to air by mines, metal smelters and industries using cadmium compounds for alloys, batteries, pigments and in plastics, although many countries have …

Cadmium Products - vitalchem

Cadmium compounds can be used in the manufacture of (yellow) pigments, plastic stabilizers, phosphors, pesticides, fungicides, paints, etc It can be used for electroplating …

Cadmium (Including Cadmium Compounds) - lniwagov

Damage to kidneys, lungs, and bones, plus added risk for lung cancer, are certainly worthwhile reasons for preventing or minimizing exposure to cadmium (and compounds) at work Cadmium can be found in countless consumer and industrial products or materials, including the following: Paints, primers, and other protective coatings Rechargeable Ni-Cd batteries Phosphate fertilizers Some silver solder …

The Facts on Cadmium - Roadmap on Carcinogens

Workers may be exposed to cadmium from the smelting and refining of metals or from air in industrial plants that manufacture batteries, coatings, or plastics Exposure to cadmium that may be dangerous may occur in jobs in which workers are exposed to cadmium dust or fumes, where they heat compounds or surfaces that contain cadmium, or where workers weld or cut with materials or solders that contain …

Cadmium - Cancer-Causing Substances - National Cancer

Learn about cadmium, which may raise your risk of lung cancer Cadmium is a natural element: all soils and rocks contain some cadmium Exposure occurs mostly where cadmium products (such as batteries, pigments, metal coatings, and plastics) are made or recycled Tobacco smoke also contains cadmium

Cadmium | HBM4EU - science and policy for a healthy future

May 04, 2019 · Hazardous properties of cadmium Cadmium is a potentially toxic metal that ranks 7 th on the priority list of hazardous substances of US Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry’s (ATSDR) International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has classified cadmium and cadmium compounds as human carcinogens (Group 1)

All the information on Cadmium - Applications

The International Cadmium Association (ICdA) is a non-profit association representing the interests of the world’s cadmium industry Its Members include producers, processors, recyclers and consumers of cadmium metal, cadmium compounds, and products to which cadmium or its compounds have intentionally been added

Cadmium poisoning - Wikipedia

Compounds containing cadmium are also carcinogenic The bones become soft (osteomalacia), lose bone mineral density (osteoporosis) and become weaker This causes pain in the joints and the back, and also increases the risk of fractures In extreme cases of cadmium poisoning, mere body weight causes a …

THE CASE FOR EXPANDING THE RESTRICTION ON …

reported amounts of cadmium and its compounds used as pigments, cadmium and its compounds in plastic materials – mainly on cadmium pigments, the identity of cadmium pigments the classification and labelling of cadmium and its compounds in general and more specifically related to cadmium pigments

Cadmium - IDPH

Cadmium usually combines with other things to form different compounds Some of these compounds affect the body more than others Cadmium does not have a definite taste or odor Cadmium is not mined, but it is a by-product of the smelting of other metals such as zinc, lead, and copper

Periodic Table Of The Elements Cadmium | Encyclopedia

Cadmium is a silver-white, malleable metal that exists as crystals having the hexagonal close-packed arrangement, and is usually found combined with other elements in mineral compounds (eg, cadmium oxide, cadmium chloride, cadmium sulfate, and cadmium sulfide) Cadmium dust can ignite spontaneously in air and is both flammable and explosive when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidizing …

The Health Risks of Cadmium in Cigarette Smoke

Jun 18, 2018 · A single cigarette typically contains 1-2 mcg of cadmium When burned, cadmium is present at a level of 1,000-3,000 ppb in the smoke Approximately 40 to 60 percent of the cadmium inhaled from cigarette smoke is able to pass through the lungs and into the body

Cadmium and its compounds - chemsafetypro

Cadmium and its compounds are mainly used in batteries, pigments, alloys, electroplating and coating, and used as stabilizers for plastics Cadimum and its compounds and REACH annex XVII Cadmium and its compounds are included in REACH Annex XVII restricted substances list (entry 23)

Cadmium | HBM4EU - science and policy for a healthy future

May 04, 2019 · Cadmium levels in the environment vary widely and are a consequence of both natural (erosion of parent rocks, volcanic eruptions, forest fires; 10-50 %) and anthropogenic sources (used in : plastics as colour pigment and stabilizer, automobile radiators, alkaline batteries, mining activities, fertilizers, sewage sludge, inappropriate waste disposal; 50-90%)

Sources and Health Consequences of CADMIUM Exposure

Cadmium sulfide compounds (eg cadmium sulfide, cadmium sulfoselenide, and cadmium lithopone) are used as pigments in a wide variety of applications, including engineering plastics, glass, glazes, ceramics, rubber, enamels, artists colours, and fireworks Ranging in colour from yellow to deep-red maroon, cadmium pigments have good covering

Cadmium in plastic - Plastics Engineering general

Jan 08, 2004 · Up to a few years ago, Cadmium was also very much used in some types of PVC-stabilizers (so-called "mixed-metal-stabilizers", some of which were based on a mixture of Ba- and Cd-compounds or BaPbCa-compounds)

Cadmium: applications and uses-Metalpedia

Cadmium pigments are stable inorganic colouring agents which can be produced in a range of brilliant shades of yellow, orange, red and maroon They are predominantly used to color engineering plastics that are processed at high temperatures, because the pigments are able to withstand elevated temperatures without degrading

Cadmium poisoning - hyperleap

cadmium toxicity of cadmium Cadmium and its compounds cadmium is highly toxic environmental toxicity Toxic effect of cadmium and its compounds Cadmium is a naturally occurring toxic heavy metal with common exposure in industrial workplaces, plant soils, and from smoking wikipedia

Locating and Estimating Sources ofCadmium - US EPA

Locating and Estimating Air Emissions From Sources of Cadmium and Cadmium Compounds Prepared for: Anne Pope Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards Technical Support Division U S Environmental Protection Agency Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 Prepared by: Midwest Research Institute 401 Harrison Oaks Boulevard, Suite 350 Cary, North

PUBLIC HEALTH STATEMENT Cadmium

Cadmium and its compounds may travel through soil, but its mobility depends on several factors such as pH and amount of organic matter, which will vary depending on the local environment

Cadmium and you - Health and Safety Executive

Cadmium and its compounds are used in many processes and products including: ■ alloyed with copper and other metals in alloys for fire detection systems, electrical cables and in some solders; ■ in pigments for plastics, ceramics and glasses; ■ in stabilisers for polyvinylchloride; ■ as a protective plating on steel;

Benzene Peanut can with plastic lid Styrene Nickel …

Nickel-cadmium batteries Aluminum foil Plastic bags Plastic grocery bags Plastic and foil packaging Aluminum pop can Plastic (No B2) plate Benzene, naphthalene, styrene, tol-uene, and xylene are aromatic hydrocar-bons, which are suspected carcinogens Aromatic hydrocarbons also are severe eye, nose, and throat irritants These compounds occur in petroleum products

Cadmium for PDF - Home | Occupational Safety and Health

Today, about three-fourths of cadmium is used as an electrode component in alkaline batteries, with the remainder used in pigments, coatings, and platings and as a stabilizer for plastics Workers in many industries face potential exposure to cadmium The potential for exposure is …

Cadmium pigments - Wikipedia

The cadmium pigments eventually replaced compounds such as mercury(II) sulfide (the original vermilion) with greatly improved light-fastness Cadmium pigments are known for excellent light-fastness, although the lighter shades can fade in sunlight A cadmium yellow paint was frequently used on Bob Ross' TV show, The Joy of Painting

Use Nationally and in Massachusetts / Cadmium - turiorg

Other uses include manufacture of pigments (as Cd selenide and Cd sulfide), coatings and plating solutions (as Cd fluoroborate, Cd iodide, Cd oxide, and Cd sulfate), and stabilizers for plastics (as Cd oxide, Cd laurate, and Cd stearate) Overall, Massachusetts has experienced a 73% reduction in the use of cadmium and cadmium compounds since 1990

Location

CONTACT INFO